Mount Kenya National Park (1949) covers 277 square miles (718 square km), including much of the lower skirts of the mountain. It is the second highest mountain in Africa after Kilimanjaro, which is located some 200 miles (320 km) to the south. Several endangered and rare species, such as sunni buck and albino zebra, also live there. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Afromontane moorland of tussocky grasses, giant groundsel, and lobelias on the slopes of Mount Kenya. It is located in the western part of Kenya and its 4321m.The mountain attracts a lot of tourist from neighboring countries and also domestic ones that love site seeing. Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? Its summit area is characterized by steep, pyramidal peaks, principal among which are Batian (17,058 feet [5,199 metres]), Nelion (17,022 feet [5,188 metres]), and Point Lenana (16,355 feet [4,985 metres]). It is the second highest mountain in Africa after Kilimanjaro, which is located some 200 miles (320 km) to the south. The British geographer Halford John Mackinder was the first to reach the summit, along with the Swiss guides César Ollier and Joseph Brocherel, in 1899. All Rights Reserved. Reaching up to 5,199 m (17, 057 ft), Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second-highest in Africa. The mountain continues to play important roles in the economic life of the country by not only being used as a source of water for farming but also provides money for revenue. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Mount-Kenya, Mount Kenya - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Mount Kenya - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The answer to the very thought-provoking question asked, the Republic of Kenya got its name from Mount Kenya. Contact us | Mount Kenya. Mount Kenya is 5199m and is found in the central parts of Kenya. A markedly radial drainage is characteristic, but all streams eventually flow into the Tana River or the Ewaso Ng’iro River. Several small, retreating glaciers, of which Lewis and Tyndall are the largest, feed the streams and marshes on the mountain’s slopes. Ano ang Imahinasyong guhit na naghahati sa daigdig sa magkaibang araw? is the second tallest mountain in Africa, next to Mount Mount Kenya, volcano, central Kenya, lying immediately south of the Equator. What is the rising action of faith love and dr lazaro? If you are 13 years old when were you born? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Name Elevation Latitude/Longitude; 1: Mount Kenya , : 5,199 m-0.15 / 37.3: 2: Mount Elgon Johann Ludwig Krapf was the first European to see the mountain (1849), and it was partially climbed by the Hungarian explorer Sámuel, Gróf (count) Teleki (1887), and the British geologist John Walter Gregory (1893). The Batian peak is its highest peak. Mount Kenya supports a succession of distinctive, elevation-based vegetation zones. in the Aberdare Mountain Range. The mountain is the highest in Kenya and second in Africa after Mount Kilimanjaro of Tanzania. Mount Kenya is 5199m and is found in the central parts of Kenya. The mountain is the highest in Kenya and second in Africa after Mount Kilimanjaro of Tanzania. Mount Kenya is 17,000 feet tall and Lenana Peak, the second highest peak on Mount Kenya, is 4,985 m (16,355 feet) tall, making it the fourth highest peak in Africa. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Found in Nakuru,the mountain is big and attracts many Kenyans and tourists from many regions of the world. The highest mountain in Kenya is Mount Kenya, which is located in the Aberdare Mountain Range. The mountain supports various economic activities such as hunting by the forest found near it and also tourism to generate revenue for the country. Corrections? Privacy Policy | It is found in Turkana and is about 1698.The mountain has forests that are source for many rivers in the area. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. The Mount Kenya area was added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1997. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Home | List of mountains in Kenya is a general list of mountains in Kenya with elevation. Beginning at about 6,000 feet (1,800 metres), a ring of dense forest covers the slopes up to about 10,000 feet (3,000 metres). Kenya - Highest Mountains. The mountain is good and makes the area look good. The highest mountain in Kenya is Mount Kenya, which is located It is a major source of water for many rivers and continues to support a number of wildlife activities being a home to various wild animals. Omissions? Cedar and yellowwood are prominent on the drier western and northern flanks. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The base of the mountain lies at some 5,250 feet (1,600 metres). Mount Kenya’s Batian Peak is the second highest peak in Africa, after only Kilimanjaro’s Kibo peak, at 5,199 m (17,057 feet) above the sea level. It has facilitated many tourist activities making domestic tourism to grow at great levels. FAQ. This mountain serves as the life source for the Kikuyu, Maasai, and Embu peoples. It is found in Nakuru and is 2856m high. The Kikuyu, who refer to the mountain as Kirinyaga, or Kere-Nyaga (“Mountain of Whiteness”), traditionally revere it as home to their omnipotent deity Ngai. Pagkakaiba ng pagsulat ng ulat at sulating pananaliksik? It continues to help the education sector especially by the many number of university students that cone at the place to carry out research. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? The town of Nanyuki, which is about 120 miles (190 km) north of Nairobi by rail, lies at the northwestern foot of the mountain; both Nanyuki and Naro Moru (to the west) are chief bases for ascents. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Grassland (with species of Acacia and Themeda) covers the basal plateau in the west and north, and grasses and low trees dominate in the south and east. The mountain has a hole or vents at the top something that makes unique among the various mountain types. The base of the mountain lies at It is a major tourist attraction centre and that gives it the reason to be counted as being crucial to the economic development of the country. Fisherman’s Camp In Naivasha: Excellent Camping Site And Tourist Attraction Site In Kenya, Peter Mulei & Sons Supermarkets Outlets Available In Machakos Town, Kenya, Services Provided To Rape Victims By Nairobi Womens Hospital In Kenya, Contacts Of Pest Control Products Board Offices In Kenya, Location Of The University Of Eldoret In Kenya. On the upper margins of the forest—i.e., from about 8,000 feet (2,400 metres)—bamboo predominates, although these species decrease markedly in height with increasing elevation and merge into the succeeding zone of giant heather. Where in the United Kingdom are the Sperrin Mountains located? It has played very crucial roles in ensuring that the economic conditions of the town continue to grow well and at a more fast and efficient manner. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Suncha Technologies It is a major source of water for many rivers and continues to support a number of wildlife activities being a home to various wild animals. Kil. The fertile lower slopes are cultivated by the Kikuyu and the related Embu and Meru peoples. Terms of Use | Above that there are only bare rock, glaciers, and other regions of ice and snow. Above a transition zone (11,000–12,000 feet [3,400–3,700 metres]) is the so-called high moorland, a peculiar zone of Afro-Alpine vegetation. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The Mount Kenya area was added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1997. Mount Kenya is 17,000 feet tall and is the second tallest mountain in Africa, next to Mount Kilimanjaro. This gives way to mosses and lichens, which grow up to about 15,000 feet (4,600 metres). This long-extinct volcano is much eroded, and the highest peaks consist of the crystalline nepheline syenite that plugged the former vent. The park and its environs contain a variety of large animals, including elephant, buffalo, black rhinoceros, and leopard. At the 8,000-foot (2,440-metre) contour, the circumference is approximately 95 miles (153 km). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Updates? Radiating from the central peaks are ridges separated by seven principal valleys. It is also a source of many rivers and the place continues to support farming activities in the area as it attracts rain. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Mount Kenya, a stratovolcano, is covered in ice. Mount Kenya, Swahili Kirinyaga, volcano, central Kenya, lying immediately south of the Equator.

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