The elevated quotation marks created an extra white space before and after the word that was considered aesthetically unpleasing, while the in-line quotation marks helped to maintain the typographical color, since the quotation marks had the same height and were aligned with the lower case letters. In Central Europe, however, the practice was to use the quotation mark pairs with the convexity pointing inward. Single quotation marks are usually reserved for setting off a quotation within another quotation. They are used around QUOTATIONS and TITLES and to indicate DIRECT SPEECH. Having identified the precise words that are found in the book, play or poem, etc., enclose them in speech marks. », « Η Βικιπαίδεια ή Wikipedia είναι ένα συλλογικό εγκυκλοπαιδικό, „Quote »inside ’inside of inside’ inside« quote”. shown as (“) at the beginning and (”) at the end, or, for a quotation within a quotation, as single marks of this kind, as, President of Bahrain Human Rights Group Faisal Fouladh said the royal, Fassi-Fihri told BBC World Service that five constiutions were adopted by the Kingdom since its independence, adding that the royal, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Human rights activists commend royal speech, Reforms announced by HM the King 'a new landmark stride', says Moroccan FM, Speech Information Technology and Industry Promotion Center, Speech Interface for Data Exploitation and Retrieval, Speech Interpretation and Recognition Interface, Speech Language Pathology and Audiology Board, Speech Pathologists and Audiologists in Louisiana Schools, Speech Pathologists and Audiologists in Private Practice, Speech Perception Production Bilingualism. (For other languages employing dashes, see section Quotation dash below.) Please click the checkbox on the left to verify that you are a not a bot. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) either of the punctuation marks used to begin or end a quotation, respectively, one of the marks used to indicate the beginning and end of a quotation, in English usu. The curved apostrophe is the same character as the closing single quote. Occasionally, other symbols, such as “…”, are used stylistically. In addition, while the HTML 4, XHTML and XML specifications allow specifying numeric character references in either hexadecimal or decimal, SGML and older versions of HTML (and many old implementations) only support decimal references. When quotations are nested, double and then single quotation marks are used: «…“…‘…’…”…». When reporting DIRECT SPEECH, the speech marks are used to enclose the actual words that were spoken. Whenever you quote someone else’s words, it is essential to introduce the quotation and integrate it into your own text – don’t rely on quotations to make your points for you. For example: "Didn't she say 'I like red best' when I asked her wine preferences?" Of all punctuation marks, the comma, inverted comma (speech marks), question marks and sign of exclamation are widely used in Direct speech. In old-style printed books, when quotations span multiple lines of text (including multiple paragraphs), an additional closing quotation sign is traditionally used at the beginning of each line continuing a quotation; any right-pointing guillemet at the beginning of a line does not close the current quotation. In Britain those marks were elevated to the same height as the top of capital letters: “…”. Also known as "double quote". I am really very impressed with the quality of these worksheets.’, 'I have been so impressed with TheSchoolRun and have really enjoyed completing your weekly worksheets with my two older children. While scare quotes have their uses in academic writing – for example, when referring to controversial or contested terms – they are best avoided wherever possible. Take a tour now! This parallels normal usage in other languages, e.g. Alan Paton used this style in Cry, the Beloved Country (and no quotation marks at all in some of his later work). When your quotations are nested (i.e. a quote appears inside another quote), you should use the opposite style of quotation marks for the nested quotation. In Western Europe the custom became to use the quotation mark pairs with the convexity pointing outward. According to current PN-83/P-55366 standard from 1983 (but not dictionaries, see below), Typesetting rules for composing Polish text (Zasady składania tekstów w języku polskim) one can use either „ordinary Polish quotes” or «French quotes» (without space) for first level, and ‚single Polish quotes’ or «French quotes» for second level, which gives three styles of nested quotes: There is no space on the internal side of quote marks, with the exception of 1⁄4 firet (≈ 1⁄4 em) space between two quotation marks when there are no other characters between them (e.g. ‘Have you been to the new shopping precinct yet?’ enquired Shona. RSS aggregators and search results). In France, by the end of the nineteenth century, the marks were modified to an angular shape: «…». In Bulgarian, Icelandic, Estonian, Lithuanian, and Russian, single quotation marks are not used. Direct speech is separated from a reporting clause by a comma . For example: In Years 3 and 4, children learn that the reporting clause can be positioned before or after the direct speech in the sentence. “Our mayor abuses municipal funds!”, Many politicians have blamed recent electoral trends on the rise of “fake news.”, The two organizations organized the fundraiser in support of “underprivileged children.”. Both numeric and named references function correctly in almost every modern browser. The single quotation marks re-emerged around 1800 as a means of indicating a secondary level of quotation. This is known as direct speech or direct quotation .  Styles elsewhere vary widely and have different rationales for placing it inside or outside, often a matter of house style. These should be rotated 90 degrees in vertical text. Unicode support has since become the norm for operating systems. The Far East angle bracket quotation marks, 《…》, are also a development of the in-line angular quotation marks. Truly, it makes her day enjoyable, structured and continuous. Old-style typesetting is emulated by breaking up the final layout with manual line breaks, and inserting the quotation marks at line start, much like pointy brackets before quoted plain text e-mail: Unlike English, French does not set off unquoted material within a quotation by using a second set of quotation marks. Scare quotes are often used to signal that a term is being used in an unusual or ironic way, that it is borrowed from someone else, or that the writer is skeptical towards the term. May 21, 2019 They appear in the form of double quotation marks (" ") and single quotation marks (' '). Greek uses angled quotation marks (εισαγωγικά – isagogiká): A closing quotation mark, », is added to the beginning of each new quoted paragraph. If another set of quotation marks is nested inside single quotation marks, double quotation marks are used again, and they continue to alternate as necessary (though this is rarely done). In Bulgarian, Icelandic, Estonian, Lithuanian, and Russian, single quotation marks are not used. Different typefaces, character encodings and computer languages use various encodings and glyphs for quotation marks. Thus, to represent curly quotes in XML and SGML, it is safest to use the decimal numeric character references. composing emails). Usage may vary, depending on the native language of the author and publisher. This is known as direct speech or direct quotation . The single quotation mark is traced to Ancient Greek practice, adopted and adapted by monastic copyists. This may also have to do with computer character sets: In languages that use the curved “…” quotation marks, they are available[d] in: In languages that use the angular «…» quotation marks, they are available[d] in: In languages that use the corner bracket 「…」 quotation marks, they are available[d] in: In languages that use the angle bracket 《…》[e] they are available in: In languages that use the curved „…“ quotation marks, they are available[d] in: In languages that use the curved „…” quotation marks, they are available[d] in: In languages that use the curved ”…” quotation marks, they are available[d] in: Historically, support for curved quotes was a problem in information technology, primarily because the widely used ASCII character set did not include a representation for them.[f]. Even more commonly, many people just put a normal (breaking) space between the quotation marks because the non-breaking space cannot be accessed easily from the keyboard; furthermore, many are simply not aware of this typographical refinement. In the Chinese language, double angle brackets are used around titles of books, documents, musical pieces, cinema films, TV programmes, newspapers, magazines, laws, etc. Understand how speech marks (or inverted commas) are used when punctuating direct speech with our grammar guides for primary-school parents. “In fact, I can’t remember when I last went to a restaurant. She said that this model is ‘the best there is’. Jeffrey commented on the problem. As punctuating direct speech is a fundamental primary-school writing objective, the use of speech marks will be reinforced in every subsequent year group.
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